Note: The following was written by GMWEA executive director Daniel Hecht to respond to a segment aired by ABC-affiliate TV station Local22.
Dear Local 22 Newsteam:
Thank you for covering the Vermont Senate Committee on Natural Resources and Energy hearing on CSOs (combined sewage overflows), at Echo Center, Weds. Sept. 19. We are glad that this important issue has come into focus for the legislature and the general public.
However, I suggest that Courtney Kramer’s segment over-emphasized certain facts and failed to provide other, more important, details.
I am executive director of Green Mountain Water Environment Association (GMWEA), a nonprofit organization with 500 members – primarily operators of drinking water and wastewater facilities, municipal department of public works staff, and water scientists and engineers – which serves to offer water quality technical education, provide advisory to policymakers, and inform the public about water quality issues.
We agree with Conservation Law Foundation staff attorney Elena Mihaly – prominently featured in the segment — that a sign announcing a beach closure due to e. coli contamination, related to CSO events, is not in accord with anyone’s desired vision of Vermont.
However, the segment devoted too much time to this image and to Ms. Mihaly’s opinions, and too little to the roomful of environmental experts who could have provided important information to your viewers if their comments had been given more time on air. In short, the segment missed an opportunity to foster a better-informed, more engaged public.
CSOs result from a complex convergence of rainfall volume, rate, and duration, and the infrastructure that attempts to mitigate the harmful effects of human pollution on waterways. Each region faces unique stormwater management challenges, dependent on local geology, waterways, paved surfaces, built environments, and infrastructure legacy – the type, age, and condition of wastewater/stormwater pipes and storage capacity. There exists no single solution applicable to every location; nor are all Vermont towns equally able to pay for improvements.
The complete elimination of all combined systems is certainly not a solution. It is neither economically feasible nor, necessarily, in the best interests of water quality. Stormwater itself is dirty, carrying animal feces, trash, organic garbage, gasoline, oil, and other harmful ingredients. Except for the occasional CSOs, combined systems treat this water year-round. Rutland’s systems, for example, treat 643 million gallons of stormwater yearly – equivalent to the entire volume of Lake Elmore – releasing water that is actually cleaner than the receiving streams! Even when CSOs occur, the plants are still treating the overwhelming majority of the water, and domestic wastewater constitutes a very small percentage of the outflow volumes.
Finally, the state and its municipalities are in fact working hard to reduce the incidence and impact of CSOs. New warning regulations assure public notification within one hour of an overflow, and full reporting within twelve hours, assuring transparency. The Vermont DEC is requiring the 14 cities and towns with combined systems to create long-term plans. Cities like Burlington are implementing a range of solutions, such as satellite treatment stations and “green infrastructure” filtration/absorption sites. New computer monitoring and control technology is coming on line, allowing more agility and specificity in operators’ responses to heavy rains or outflows.
The public should know that the water quality professional community fully recognizes the importance of our natural waters to our way of life, public health, the tourism economy, and the vitality of the environment. As Karen Horn, director of public policy and advocacy for the Vermont League of Cities and Towns, said at the end of the hearing, the best approach will be for the legislature to direct prioritization of CSO-related projects through an integrated, multi-sector, multi-agency effort that fully studies the issue and provides all the facts for public consideration. We hope you will help us pursue that approach through your reporting.
If you would like more information, I invite you to access the collective expertise of GMWEA’s extensive membership; my contact information is below.